This epic rant is worth your time if you read the news

LiveMint journalist Sidin Vadukut’s rant was partly based on a reading course he was designing

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Sorry, Paulo

“When you want something, the universe conspires in helping you achieve it,” wrote Paulo Coelho in The Alchemist. Well, not really true. Instead, it is your unconscious thoughts that shape much of your conscious being, which does the actual work of getting you there. So the only part of the universe that is conspiring to help you achieve it is the back of your mind. That is until you share your dreams with others who care about you, and maybe then a greater part of the universe conspires with you. Just wanting something won’t get you anything.

The best hack for a healthy diet

Summary: Eat anything you want, as long as you cook it yourself.

In less than a century, we have gone from fearing impending famines to worrying about controlling a global obesity crisis. Those most affected by this are urban-dwellers. If experts are asked to choose the biggest cause for the obesity epidemic, they blame the growing demand for processed and packaged food.

It is not hard to understand why. The aim of food corporations is to ensure that they sell as much as they can. To do that, through years of research in the “cravability” department, they have figured out the ingredients that make their products tempting to buyers—salt, sugar and fat—all of which they use in unhealthy amounts.

Given the scale of the problem, people have come up with many solutions to dealing with obesity. Most common among them is to diet. I’m not obese but I wanted to understand how difficult it is to go on a diet, so I tried the slow carb diet recommended by writer Tim Ferriss. I managed to lose 3.5kg in four weeks. Some of my friends have tried the 5:2 diet and have made it work too.

While fasting has benefits beyond keeping you healthy, there are easier ways to maintaining a healthy diet. The best hack I know to achieve this is to eat anything you want, as long as you cook it yourself.

The rationale is simple: when you choose to cook yourself, you will avoid making foods like french fries or chocolate brownies on an everyday basis, just because of the amount of effort that goes into making them. You will also use salt, sugar and fat in conservative amounts. The result is you will eat healthier food without having to set up strict rules around what you eat and when.

I used to think that cooking for one person is just an inefficient use of my time. But I’ve changed my mind. The amount of time you cook is actually a very good investment given the health benefits.

Implementation: It is impractical to think you will be able to cook every meal. So there are two tricks that might help you cook as many of your meals as possible. First, when you cook, make enough to last you two or three meals. Eating the same tasty food you cooked three times is not boring. Second, allow cheat days for when you have to or you choose to eat out. Relying on my slow carb algorithm, a rule of one cheat day a week is preferable.

Bonus: In 2010, I wrote a series of posts on tasty quick fix recipes. Their aim was to live up to my mum’s words: “There is always something you can make from whatever you have in the kitchen.” Since then I’ve come up with many more such recipes, and it’s time to revive that series.

This is a post in “the best hack series”, where the aim is to find small ideas that have a big impact in improving everyday life.

Image: chezmichelle, CC-BY-NC

The best hack for a to-do list

Summary: Every morning, put down on a to-do list only the three most important tasks. 

For the office-goer of the 21st century, a to-do list is both a boon and a curse. While it can help get stuff done, it also creates a lot of anxiety. That is because, on most occasions, the list keeps growing without an end in sight.

What is needed is a way to ensure that you get enough stuff done and end the work day on a happy note. The best hack I know to achieve that is to make a simple tweak to building a to-do list. It is not an original idea, but its implementation has completely changed how I work.

Choose the three most important tasks (MITs) that need to be done that day, and put them down on a to-do list. Come what may, decide to do those three things before leaving work. If possible, do those them first in the morning.

Of course I do more than three things every day, but the idea is that I ensure doing the things that matter the most first. I leave work without lingering anxieties of incomplete tasks at hand.

The exercise is not as simple as than you’d think. The prime difficulty is the prioritisation of tasks. But once you start doing it, you realise through trial and error how to find those three MITs. And it is that which really changed how I work.

Bonus: There are two more tweaks that I’m trying to implement to this routine. First is to ensure that I leave work at a certain time. This is to respect Parkinson’s law that states that “work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion”.

Second is to choose one of those three MITs to be a task towards a long-term goal. On days when I have been able to do that, I feel I’ve accomplished more than what is needed of me at work, and I sleep a little better that night.

This is the first post in “the best hack series”, where the aim is to find small ideas that have a big impact in improving everyday life.

Image credit: naomi_pincher, CC-BY-NC-ND

If GDP confuses you, here’s some much-needed clarity

Although it wasn’t created to measure progress, a country’s gross domestic product (GDP) quickly became the single measure that defined progress. Economist Diane Coyle has written a nice essay in Aeon magazine that explains GDP and its limitations, while putting it in historical context. Here are some highlights:

  • GDP is the sum in a given time period of everything produced in the economy with a monetary value, which should add up to the same figure as the incomes earned by every person and company, and the same as the total spent by everyone. In practice, these separate sides of the accounts are rarely equal because of the difficulty of getting all that data.
  • GDP was first developed in 1934, and it soon became the main tool for measuring a country’s economy.
  • Most people complain about GDP because it doesn’t measure non-monetary costs, which include environmental damage and social welfare. That is why a national disaster (or war) spurs faster GDP growth, but the loss of life and assets will not be included.
  • GDP is meant to measure market activities and, by definition, housework is not in the market; but there’s no market price for government activities either, and they are included.
  • While changes made to it later introduced hedonistic factors to include innovation, the list of products are severely limited.
  • Initially GDP didn’t count financial trading, but now it does. This leads to situations where, for instance, the biggest contribution from the financial sector to the UK economy occurred in the final quarter of 2008, which is when the financial crisis started.
  • GDP served as a decent measure when economic activity and social welfare went hand in hand, but now the gap between the two is widening.

In the end Coyle suggests that GDP is a flawed but useful number. That is why it must not be scrapped or changed. Instead newer measures for uncounted things need to be given more importance such as OECD’s Better Life Index.

Why Scotland wants to leave the UK

From a historian’s perspective the reasons are simple:

  1. In the past, as the minority of Protestants in a largely Catholic Europe, Scotland preferred to be part of a group rather than stand alone. With religiosity on the decline, that identity isn’t as strong any more.
  2. During the time of the Empire, Scotland reaped lots of economic benefits of being part of the union. These days economic benefits of the union aren’t as strong.
  3. In the past, geography mattered because as an island nation, Scotland could better defend itself. Now that matters little.
  4. Britain is held together by the English, who are London-centric and don’t give the North as much attention as it deserves.
  5. With the EU, both Ireland and Scotland have a new centre to identify with other than London.