Eugenics was a serious academic discipline, and not just in Facist countries. By 1930s it was being studied in universities in Switzerland, Sweden, Russia, Germany, America and Norway. Its founder, Sir Francis Galton, a British anthropologist, even became a fellow of the Royal Society. Galton felt that the average citizen was “too base for the everyday work of modern civilization”.
It took Adolf Hitler and his henchmen to expose the moral bankruptcy of these ideas.
From Frans de Waal’s The Bonobo and the Atheist